Policy Changes in the Economic Cooperation between South and North Koreas: Multiple Streams Framework (MSF) and Shutting Down the Kaesong Industrial Complex (2021.02)
- 저자 : Doo-Jin Kim
- 학술지명 : Journal of Peace and Unification
- 발행처 : 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원
- 권호 : 11(1)
- 게재년월 : 2021년 02월
초록 : This study examines the controversies over the policy decision of shutting down the Kae-song Industrial Complex in 2016. Drawing on “Multiple Streams Framework” the paper analyzes the policy transition of the shutting down the Kaesong Industrial Complex through the problem stream, the policy stream, and the political stream. Here, we are focused on the “policy entrepreneur” who plays a dynamic, and active role in terms of coupling the “unexpected” stream in policy calculation. The previous argument that the decision to shut down the Kaesong Industrial Complex was a “unilateral or arbitrary decision” by President Park Geun-hye needs to be reconsidered. We argue that the policy entrepreneur (e.g., the President) paved the way to ‘unpredictable,’ ‘nonlinear,’ and ‘unexpected’ policy output.