[수당 안보 콜로키움 #24] Has China Internalized Nuclear Nonproliferation Norms?
- 일시 : 2022년 7월 15일(금) / 17:00
- 장소 : 정경관 412호
- 사회 : 이동선 (고려대학교 정치외교학과)
- 발표 : 김라미 (US Army War College), Has China Internalized Nuclear Nonproliferation Norms?
- 토론 : 김민성 (고려대학교 일민국제관계연구원)
- 주관 : 평화와 민주주의연구소, 정치외교학과
이번 콜로키움은 발표자로 US Army War College 김라미 교수가 참가하였고, 토론자로 고려대학교 일민국제관계연구원의 김민성 박사, 사회자로 이동선 고려대학교 정치외교학과 교수가 참가하여 진행되었습니다. 저자 김라미 교수는 “Has China Internalized Nuclear Nonproliferation Norms?” 제목의 논문을 소개하였습니다.
발표논문 초록: Reversing its longstanding antipathy to international nonproliferation principles, China joined the nonproliferation regimes and curbed its sensitive nuclear assistance in the 1980s and the 1990s. Scholars have argued that China has been socialized into the nonproliferation norms. This paper tests the socialization hypothesis by examining first what drove the shift in China’s nonproliferation policy in the 1980s and the 1990s, and second whether China has complied with the nonproliferation principles since that time. I argue that China’s nonproliferation behavior is driven more by transactional interests rather than its embracement of the nonproliferation norms. China’s integration into the international nonproliferation regimes was motivated by its interest in civil nuclear assistance from the US, which was critical for meeting its surging energy demands. Since that time, Beijing has repeatedly violated its obligations to provide both “first-order” and “second-order” cooperation with those regimes. This study contributes both to the supply-side approach to nuclear proliferation and to the debate over how a rising China will behave in the international system. In terms of policy implications, I suggest that China’s adherence to the international nonproliferation standards cannot be taken for granted in the future after the US loses leverage over China’s nuclear energy program and China becomes the nuclear market leader.